The merchant navy is both type of job like government job and private job. The merchant navy refers to the commercial fleet of ships engaged in international trade and transportation of goods and passengers. It is primarily composed of privately owned and operated vessels by shipping companies and organizations in the private sector.
While governments may have regulations and oversight roles to ensure the safety and security of merchant vessels, the individuals working in the merchant navy, such as seafarers, officers, and crew members, are typically employed by private companies and are not considered government employees
For Deck Cadets and Nautical Officer Courses: Candidates should have completed 10+2 (or equivalent) with a minimum of 60% marks in PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics). English should also be a subject in the 10+2 curriculum.
For Marine Engineering Courses: Candidates should have completed 10+2 (or equivalent) with a minimum of 60% marks in PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics). English should also be a subject in the 10+2 curriculum.
Some programs may have specific age limits, so it’s essential to check the requirements for the specific course or program you are interested in.
Medical Fitness: Candidates must meet specific medical and physical fitness standards, as prescribed by the Directorate General of Shipping (DGS) or relevant maritime authorities. A thorough medical examination is conducted to assess a candidate’s physical and mental fitness for a career at sea.
Eyesight: Good eyesight without color blindness is usually a prerequisite for entry into the merchant navy. Candidates may be required to meet specific visual acuity and color vision standards.
Age Limit: There may be age limits for certain courses or positions. For example, the maximum age limit for applying to marine engineering courses may vary, so it’s important to check the specific age requirements for the program you’re interested in.
English Language Proficiency: Proficiency in the English language is essential, as it is the primary medium of communication on board ships and in maritime education and training.
Entrance Exams For Merchant Navy :-
Merchant Navy Entrance Exam: The Merchant Navy Entrance Exam is a common entrance test conducted by various maritime training institutes and colleges in India. This exam assesses candidates’ knowledge in subjects like physics, mathematics, English, and general knowledge. The exact syllabus and format can vary among institutes.
Indian Maritime University (IMU) Common Entrance Test (CET): IMU conducts a common entrance test known as CET for admission to various undergraduate and postgraduate programs related to the maritime industry. IMU offers programs like B.Sc. Nautical Science, B.Tech Marine Engineering, and MBA in Port and Shipping Management. The CET is used for admission to these courses.
Indian Navy Entrance Exams: If you aspire to join the Indian Navy as an officer, you will need to appear for the Indian Navy entrance exams, such as the National Defence Academy (NDA) and Combined Defence Services (CDS) examinations. These exams are for those interested in the military aspect of the maritime sector, rather than the merchant navy.
Sponsorship Exams: Many maritime training institutes and shipping companies in India offer sponsorship programs for aspiring seafarers. Under these programs, students receive financial support for their training in exchange for a commitment to work with the sponsoring company after completing their training. These companies may conduct their own selection and entrance exams for sponsorship.
Company-Specific Exams: Some shipping companies may have their own entrance exams or selection procedures for hiring officers and crew members. These exams typically evaluate technical and nautical knowledge, as well as other relevant skills. Interviews and Medical Examinations: In addition to written exams, candidates seeking a career in the merchant navy may also have to clear interviews and medical examinations to ensure they meet the physical and health requirements necessary for life at sea
What is the Work Profile of Merchant Navy ?
Navigation and Seamanship: Navigating officers, including Captains (Masters), Chief Officers, and other ranks, are responsible for the safe navigation of the ship. They use navigational equipment, charts, and electronic systems to plot the course, avoid hazards, and ensure the ship reaches its destination safely.
Engineering: Marine engineers are responsible for the operation and maintenance of the ship’s engines, machinery, and equipment. They ensure that all mechanical and electrical systems function correctly to power and propel the vessel.
Cargo Handling: Cargo officers and crew members are responsible for loading and unloading cargo, securing it for transport, and ensuring it is handled safely. They may use cranes, winches, and other equipment for these tasks.
Safety and Security: Safety and security officers and crew members are responsible for the safety of the ship, its crew, and passengers. They conduct safety drills, monitor safety equipment, and respond to emergencies.
Maintenance: Crew members perform routine maintenance tasks on the ship, including painting, cleaning, and repairing equipment. This helps keep the vessel in good working condition during long sea voyages.
Watchkeeping: Many positions in the merchant navy involve watchkeeping duties, where crew members take shifts to monitor the ship’s systems and ensure its safe operation 24/7.
Communication: Effective communication is crucial in the merchant navy. Radio operators and communication officers handle radio equipment and maintain contact with other vessels, shore authorities, and maritime agencies.
Medical: Ships often have onboard medical officers or crew members trained in basic medical procedures to provide first aid and medical care to crew members and passengers in case of illness or injury.
Catering and Hospitality: On passenger vessels like cruise ships, there are hospitality staff responsible for passenger services, including food service, housekeeping, and entertainment.
Compliance with Regulations: All work in the merchant navy is subject to international regulations and safety standards, as well as the specific rules and policies of the shipping company and flag state.
What is the salary of Merchant Navy ?
Deck Cadet: A deck cadet is a base level position. The salary for a deck cadet can range from INR 15,000 to INR 25,000 per month during their training period. After completing their training and obtaining the necessary qualifications, they can progress to higher positions with higher salaries.
Navigating Officers (Third Officer, Second Officer, Chief Officer): Salaries for navigating officers vary based on their rank and experience. A Third Officer can earn anywhere from INR 40,000 to INR 70,000 per month, while a Chief Officer with more experience can earn between INR 90,000 to INR 1,50,000 or more per month.
Marine Engineers (Fourth Engineer, Third Engineer, Second Engineer, Chief Engineer): Similarly, salaries for marine engineers also depend on their rank and experience. A Fourth Engineer may earn around INR 40,000 to INR 70,000 per month, while a Chief Engineer with significant experience can earn INR 1,50,000 or more per month.
Captain (Master): The captain, also known as the Master, is the highest-ranking officer on board a ship. Captains in the merchant navy can earn salaries ranging from INR 2,50,000 to INR 5,00,000 per month or more, depending on their experience and the type of vessel they command.
Electro-Technical Officers (ETO): Electro-Technical Officers responsible for the ship’s electrical and electronic systems can earn salaries ranging from INR 60,000 to INR 1,20,000 or more per month.